The review identified instances where dominant food corporations have resorted to collusion to minimize back intense competition and maximise income. In 2008, a German court docket found that a quantity of large branded chocolate manufacturers, together with Kraft Foods and Alfred Ritter, had colluded to coordinate a series of value increases – in some instances around 15–25% – in the German market . Explicit collusive practices, such because the sharing of delicate market information, are not particular to unlawful cartels and could be facilitated via legal channels such as commerce teams and associations . However, collusion in processed food markets has been shown to usually be tacit, somewhat than explicit. Depending on this system, students might also be required to complete an IMC capstone project.